Control of training and sports combat.
Training control results (diagnostic tests) constitute the basis for a rational assessment of the players' current abilities, thus being the main inspiration for setting training goals. As part of diagnostic tests, tests are performed to assess the level of the most important components of fitness and efficiency of basketball players. Each time the tests are accompanied by measurements of height, weight and body composition (% adipose tissue and body mass index, determined using the Futrex apparatus 6100).
Your anaerobic capacity is diagnosed by the Wingate test. This is a classic attempt at maximum anaerobic night, performed on a cycloergometer. The exercise load is adjusted individually to the body weight of the exercising person, by principle:
Obc. (kg) = 0,075 x body weight (kg)
The task of the subject is to obtain, after the command "start", as many rotations of the lower limbs as possible and keeping it for 30 s work (Barr-Or 1987).
Using the MCE computer program coupled with a cyclo ergometer, the basic mechanical parameters of the effort are calculated, such as: maximum power, work done, power drop indicator (w %).
Wingate test has been in the years 1998-2003 performed in SMS PZKosz W-wa three times in each school year. The obtained results were primarily used to determine the value of loads in specialized basketball training and in general improvement classes carried out by the interval method..
In general fitness classes, an attempt was made to assess speed endurance running – shuttle 10×20 m.
The level of aerobic capacity assessed by the anaerobic transformation threshold test (PPA). The PPA test is performed on a treadmill – the basketball players are doing 12-15 minute run with speed progression every 3 min. with the following speeds: 6, 8,10,12 and 14 km/h. Every last one 20 s of each segment of the run, blood is drawn from the finger of the hand for the determination of LA concentration. Your heart rate is recorded throughout the test cycle (HR), using Sport-Tester monitoring. Thresholds for heart rate and running speed are read off the calculated lactate curve.
The results of the research make it possible to identify individual differences in the level of girls' running abilities. This is reflected in intensive and regenerative aerobic training. Each competitor knows her threshold value of running speed and heart rate, and in terms of these intensities, she shapes her aerobic capacity (also in individual training) This is currently the most rational way of aerobic exercise preparation.
The following running tests were used to measure the speed level:
1) 5 m – take-off speed assessment,
2) 10 m – take-off speed rating combined with the ability to achieve high speed over a short distance,
3) 20 m – evaluation of running speed on a running distance characteristic for basketball,
4) alternating run along the route around the no-charge area, in total 30,5 m distance – agility rating combined with take-off speed, special speed dimension.
Speed test results are important information for planning specialist classes and running loads in proper speed training.
A precise diagnosis of the players' muscular strength is carried out by examining the values of the moments of muscle strength in statics and assessing the jump on a strain gauge platform. Moment measurement includes testing the force of extension and flexion movements in the joints: elbow, knee and iliac of both limbs. Grip force was also tested on a dynamometer.
Obtained results, being a measure of the overall strength potential of female players, are used to plan training loads in the preparation period (general strength preparation phase).
Additionally, in general development classes, tests are used to diagnose dynamic force. Two attempts were made here:
a) medicine ball throw 3 kg with both hands in front of the chest,
b) medicine ball throw 3 kg with both hands behind you.
There is also systematic monitoring of training activities through the use of heart rate monitors – Sports Testers. They allow you to track the intensity of your effort on an ongoing basis, plan leisure breaks more rationally, without interfering with the performance of various exercises.
Sports fight control is another diagnostic area. The information obtained here is the basis for an objective assessment of individual and team specialist skills and is used to conclude, e.g.. about the scale of technical or tactical errors. This type of control is based on the analysis of the video recordings of the match and its statistics with the use of observation sheets.
The trainer has at his disposal an evaluation sheet covering 44 technical and tactical elements. Rating (on a scale 5 point) it is subjective, however, it is made on the basis of many game observations.
Table 3.7 presents (for example) such an assessment for a 17-year-old basketball player, playing the center position.
Table 3.7. Assessment of the level of technical and tactical skills of the A.C. competitor. (190/84, center). Grading scale: 1 – not enough, 2 – enough, 3 – well, 4 – very good, 5 – perfectly.
Diagnostic material collected in this way, combined with a coaching assessment of the special skills of individual girls, is the basis for the development of a general and individual training program for SMS PZKosz Warszawa basketball players. Within this framework, each player has assigned tasks for improvement in the field of technical and tactical preparation, as well as for each basketball player they are optimal, what kind, volume and intensity, training loads.