Sports education in Poland in the light of strategic activities.
Youth sports education is a strategic basis for the achievements of competitive sport in each country. Its the way it is organized, availability, and above all, methodical quality affects the quality of the training system in each discipline. The training process is long-term, and its goal is to achieve high sports results at the Olympic Games in the future. The condition of success is the use of correct solutions at all stages of this process.
Olympic sport is a showcase of every nation with sporting aspirations. Unfortunately it has to be said, that recently Poland has more and more modest achievements in the Olympic competition. At the Olympics in Barcelona (1992 r.) Poland has won 19 medals, in Atlanta (1996 r.) – 17, a w Sydney (2000 r.) there's only 14 medals. Everything must be done, that this unfavorable trend would be stopped – and in strategic terms – the training of gifted youth plays a key role.
Virtually everyone is interested in the issues of Olympic sport, also the most important bodies and people in the state. President of the Republic of Poland, Mr. Aleksander Kwaśniewski, he clearly emphasized during the program meeting with activists of Polish sport, that the number of medals forecast to be won in Athens (the number eight was given carefully), it is far below social expectations.
Meanwhile, the analysis of world sport shows, that the level of international competition is increasing. The number of competitors with outstanding conditions predisposing them to sport success is growing. Therefore, it will be increasingly difficult to get medals.
In such a situation Polish sport must find effective solutions both for today (Olympic preparation programs), and for tomorrow (a system of training talented youth).
It is difficult to precisely assess the potential of Polish sport, because many disciplines – traditionally strong in Olympic competition – is in crisis (e.g.. martial arts, sports games). Others, in turn, have relatively high potential, but at the same time and not very stable level (e.g.. Athletics, canoes, fencing or swimming). We have very few outstanding individuals in our sport, such as Adam Małysz, Robert Korzeniowski or Otylia Jędrzejczak, who – by promoting sport, they would be role models for young athletes.
Compared to other European countries, there is a small number of sports clubs operating in Poland. Most of them are additionally in a very difficult financial situation. Since, when state-owned enterprises stopped subsidizing their activities, and sport has become the task of local governments, the functioning of the clubs has huge problems. In this context, the training of talented youth is too often carried out at a dramatically low level. One may be tempted to say, that training is sustained practically only there, where subsidies from the program of training and sports competition for children and youth go. Questions arise:
• what should be done in such a situation?
• what the sports authorities in Poland are doing?
Mostly introduced in the years 2002/2003 structural reform of Polish sport. Sports and education were combined in one ministry, which, from the educational point of view, should be conducive to the development of sports championship schools (SMS), as well as other forms of training for sports-gifted youth.
As part of the reform, competitive sport was also separated from general sport. For competitive sport, the Polish Confederation of Sports was established, which, among others. co-finances and supervises the training activities of Polish sports associations.
Much has been done to improve the financial situation. In the budget for 2003 the year was reversed, lasting for many years, a downward trend in expenditure on physical education and sports, which have reached dramatically low levels 0,07%! In year 2003 "Sports budget" is greater by 18%, and perhaps even Fr. 35%, which is a derivative of the conditional entries in the so-called. budget reserve. This extra money was mainly used for the Olympic preparations in the "Athens 2004" program.
In the structure of public expenditure allocated to sport in Poland, out of a total amount of approx 2 PLN billion 70% is included in the budgets of local governments. They allocate approx. 1,5% your funds. As a rule, in large cities it is a higher percentage of funds, smaller in rural communes. An amount is transferred from the state budget "to sport" 140-160 million PLN, while from subsidies to the sports totalizer – 460 million PLN. The conclusion is drawn, that, without cooperation with local governments, it will be difficult to clearly improve the condition of youth sport.
Ministry of National Education and Sport (MENiS) in financial and organizational issues successfully put in order 2003 a few things.
I. Youth sport is financed mainly from the so-called. special measures (subsidies to the sports totalizer). When the Government discusses the public finance recovery program – these funds were kept for sport. MENiS receives 20% from subsidies to coupons in number games and – Additionally -8% from subsidies from other games covered by the state monopoly, i.e. e.g.. with all kinds of cash lotteries.
II. During the amendment to the Act on Upbringing in Sobriety, a provision favorable to sport was adopted, that 10% all proceeds from beer advertising will go to school sports. Is estimated, that it may be the amount of approx. 50 PLN million per year!