Professional sport of young people in the perspective of value orientation.
The axiological perspective of sport is an attempt to determine what type of orientation young athletes choose in this field. Their opinions are undoubtedly a declaration, but they are certainly not without experience and reflection. To, that only positive values appeared in the choice or set of values for competitive sport, proves, that, to a large extent, these values allow sport to be described as a reality.
Table 12.1. Values of competitive sport in the assessment of sports youth.
In the light of the data in tab. 12.1 more than 1/2 of the respondents assess competitive sport as persistence in achieving a goal – values of exceptional personality and creative significance for the individual, yes in the sports dimension, social, and mental. In case of 47,8% of the respondents, professional sport is an opportunity to get to know the world. You can judge, that due to the nature of this value, i.e.. instrumental, the respondents were materially interested. However, this value also has a cognitive dimension, important for the shape of a young person's personality. All other values are mentioned less frequently. Although such as: health – 30,3%, mobility – 21,4%, harmonious body structure 15,9%, the pleasure of effort -19,4% constitute the essence of competitive sport. Therefore, these values are mentioned. They are not essential values, but they make up the existence of competitive sport. The low percentages of values such as fame were puzzling, the pleasure of being better, which are a natural need for young people, tendency, even an individual need.
Axiological image of competitive sport, though very meticulous, it takes on completely different colors when we treat competitive sport as a value in relation to other values. This relational nature of the evaluation of competitive sport is presented in Tab. 12.2.
Table 12.2. Students' opinions – athletes on. competitive sport.
The dominant opinions of the respondents presented in it showed, that young people want a sport that is safe for health. However, in the opinion 59,5% In youth, sport is something between work and entertainment, and to a much lesser extent 46,3% it is only hard and exhausting work. The fact was alarming 30,8% opinions of the respondents, that sport hinders study and work. What these special schools are for, sports championship school? If 1/3 young people, after a few years of experience in them, expresses this view.
In another place, trying to empirically define competitive sport, we obtained similar indicators on. this, what sport is for the respondents? These results are presented in tab. 12.3.
Asking for their opinion, the SMS youth about. competitive sport, we wanted to know their attitude to reality at least in these issues, which data we present.
Data from tab. 12.4 showed, that half of the respondents assessed the Polish conditions for competitive sport as average. Further in tab. 12.5,3/4 the athletes of SMS thought, that in Poland too little money was spent on sports. This exceptional skepticism of the respondents and low ratings in relation to competitive sport in Poland was also supported by the low assessment of people in sport, which assessment is presented by the data in tab. 12.6 i tab. 12.7 and a low rating of the sports event - tab. 12.8. Only 1/3 of respondents assessed the sports spectacle positively. Half of the respondents assessed them rather positively. Of course you can say, that these assessments were the result of the fact that these young people were in the competitive sport environment. But in our opinion – to be does not mean to know everything, whether to be aware. These assessments declared by the respondents are, in our opinion, the lack of knowledge of the respondents about. the social importance of competitive sport and the changes taking place in it, and the future role of these young athletes in competitive sports and society.