Contemporary research on the effectiveness of the training process covers two directions:
1) analysis of the relationship between selected motor features, somatic, physiological, psychological, etc., and the level of special fitness (technical) and general tendencies of changes in these features as a result of systematic training;
2) optimization of the training process.
In recent years, a lot of detailed information on the relationship of motor skills has appeared, morphological, physiological and psychological with special preparation.
Knowledge of the game along with external loads, thus, movement activities and their intensity as well as internal loads related to energy sources, is the foundation of the training process.
The knowledge of training planning determines the effectiveness of training work. Particular importance should be attached to the ability to prepare for matches.
During the starting period, you should try to optimize your training in terms of content selection, optimal intensity and efficient organization. Failure to take into account the above comments often causes an improper adaptation to the loads characteristic of the game in the case of a competitor who works intensively..
The behavior of competitors during a sports fight depends on: fitness level, mental, technical, tactical, the level of morphological features, as well as the impact of certain information, which the above-mentioned. factors will apply in the game. The activity of players on the field can be analyzed with regard to their behavior in the combat system in individual actions, group and team. There is a view, that due to the dominance of some combat components, the behavior of individual competitors, as well as the whole team has some distinctive features.
In team games, where there is a strong synergy for the purpose, and also because of the activities performed, there is a lot of integration. Situation, which happen to the player or the whole team are never identical, they can at most be similar.
When assessing the nature of the game from the point of view of the burden on the body, all team games can be described as extremely diverse. They are characterized by a high degree of emotionality in constantly changing conditions. The systematic increase in the level of team games requires constant analysis and critical evaluation of the methods and organizational forms used, especially during training. It is necessary to investigate the course and nature of a sports fight, including an analysis of the game components and the determination of the degree of their usefulness and interdependencies.
Being aware of the complexity of each game and high demands on players, the selection and early recognition of players' characteristics becomes a key issue. Therefore, the selection is to select outstanding and talented people, capable of achieving sports championship.
Selection is one of the elements of the sports training system. System solutions require knowledge of its various elements and adapting them to the possibilities and needs of sports preparation at every stage of training. This should be the goal, that the selection for team games was guided, eliminating random and disorganized solutions.
In team games there should be people with special psychophysical predispositions, which will allow them to function in a team, having to fulfill many tasks, primarily technical and tactical. The competitor must undergo great physical exertion and in conditions of high emotional tension, caused by the goal of the team, perceive instantly, remember, rate, infer and act. The above-mentioned activities and mental functions are repeated many times during the game and must be dealt with.
The following factors, among others, influence success in team sports games:
1. morphofunctional, so body structure and general and special physical fitness,
2. theoretical – about sports combat, which is reflected in the selection of strategies and tactics,
3. psychological – about personality, psychological states and stress,
4. physiological – expressed in the ability to make specific efforts,
5. biochemical – indicating reactions during and after exercise.
To be able to accurately and effectively manage the training process and the game of players during the match, it is necessary to properly analyze these parameters, which occur and determine the final result of the match.
The key to success in team sports games is a change in the approach to training in the "youth" period and the ability to manage an individual training course.
The justification for these changes is related to the unquestioned tendency in the "sports business" environment to increase the number of matches in a season. As a consequence, it causes a sharp departure from the classic, the annual training cycle, in which, under the current conditions, the preparatory period lasts no longer than 4-6 weeks. In this situation, with the number of games exceeding the limit, even 80 matches, there is no optimal time to prepare for the sports season.